I believe that most people know that breast milk is the exclusive and personalized food and without a doubt the most suitable for human beings in their first years of life. You need to be aware that it offers not only nutritional benefits, but also immunological, psychological and evolutionary.
The WHO recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life and supplementation with other safe and nutritionally adequate foods, up to 2 years of age or older.
Its formula is not always the same, it changes to adapt to the baby’s needs, this makes it an exclusive and personalized food.
In this article I will tell you some of its features. These are:
- In its composition are enzymes, to better digest food, such as lipase for better fat absorption.
- Proteins such as glutamine and taurine that are involved in the development of the brain and retina. L-carnitine, an amino acid necessary for energy, also predominates.
- With the help of breast milk, you will prevent infections and allergies, as it has antibodies such as IgA, proteins such as lactoferrin and enzymes such as lysozyme that exert a bacteriostatic effect.
- Promotes the balance of the microbiota, due to its richness in oligosaccharides, food for bifidobacteria that contribute to gastrointestinal health.
- In addition, oligosaccharides regulate intestinal transit by increasing the volume of the digestive bolus and improving the assimilation of minerals such as calcium and magnesium.
- And last but not least, it has a lot of vitamins and various minerals in small quantities and high availability so as not to compromise kidney health.
Specialists do not recommend people to give cow’s milk to babies before the age of 12 months. Early introduction of dairy products in childhood is associated with an increased risk of developing iron deficiency anemia, allergies and intolerances.In the composition of cow’s milk there are considerable differences from breast milk and many disadvantages. The differences are as follows:
- First of all, cow’s milk contains more minerals and proteins than breast milk, and this is why the liver and kidneys are loaded. In addition, high concentrations of minerals can lead to dehydration and hypernatremia.
- Cow’s milk provides a large amount of saturated fat that poses a risk of cardiovascular disease in the future.
- The iron it contains is less assimilable due to a lower concentration of lactoferrin.
- The high presence of casein makes it less digestible, as it tends to form clots that make it difficult to absorb.
- In addition to this, cow’s milk also has beta-globulins which are responsible for allergic problems in babies.
- It lacks taurine, which is essential especially in premature babies, and the enzyme lipase.
- Last but not least, the concentration of oligosaccharides is negligible, so it does not have a prebiotic effect, relevant against infantile diarrhea.